An estimated 40 million people took part in a general strike in Brazil. The April 28 general strike was called to protest austerity measures proposed by Brazil’s President Michel Temer.
The austerity measures include changes to the country’s labor law that will result in Brazilians working longer hours for less money.
Temer also wants to reduce pension benefits and freeze spending on social programs.
Temer says that his austerity measures are needed to end recession that has lasted more than two years and increased the country’s unemployment rate to 13.7 percent.
But supporters of the general strike had a different take on Temer’s austerity proposals.
“We are demanding our rights, as workers, because the president of the country proposed a law for people to work more and live less, so you will only receive your pension when you die,” said Edgar Fernandes, a Rio de Janeiro dock worker as he explained to the Associated Press why he was on strike.
President Temer came to power one year ago after President Dilma Rousseff was impeached on dubious charges.
Her impeachment was engineered by the country’s financial, commercial, and media elites because Rousseff refused to enact the austerity measures that Temer is now trying to advance.
At the time of Rousseff’s impeachment, Temer was serving as vice-president.
When Temer came to office, he immediately laid out an austerity plan that had the enthusiastic backing of Brazil’s elites.
The plan, which Temer dubbed his Bridge to the Future, would raise the age when people can retire, freeze increases in public spending for 20 years (which would undo some of the social programs that lifted millions of Brazilians out of poverty), and allow employers to increase the number of hours their employees work and pay them less.
It would also remove restrictions that protect workers from having their jobs outsourced and make it easier for employers to hire temporary workers to replace full-time workers.
Brazil’s Chamber of Deputies recently passed Temer’s proposed labor law changes which led Brazil’s largest labor federation, the CUT, to call the April 28 one-day general strike.
CUT Secretary Sérgio Nobre said that the strike was the largest in the nation’s history and called it an unqualified success.
Automobile factories owned by GM, Ford, Toyota, Daimler were shut down because of the strike.
Public transportation throughout the country came to halt.
Schools were closed
Dock workers, miners, oil workers, agriculture workers, bank workers, and retail workers all stayed off the job.
The success for the strike was due in large part to the unpopularity of Temer and his austerity program.
According to one poll, Temer’s disapproval rate is 87 percent.
In addition to his unpopular austerity plan, Temer’s astoundingly high disapproval rate is stoked by high levels of corruption in his government.
Eduardo Cuhna, a Temer ally and former speaker of Brazil’s House of Deputies, was recently sentenced to prison for 15 years after being convicted of bribery.
Eight of Temer’s cabinet ministers (that’s one-third of his cabinet) are being investigated for bribery, embezzlement, or money laundering.
In November, Temer himself was accused by one of his cabinet members of pressuring the minister to reverse a decision that hurt one Temer’s lieutenants.
Marcelo Calero, the former Culture Minister, publicly accused Temer and his legislative liaison Geddel Vieira Lima of pressuring Calero to reverse his decision to disallow the construction of a luxury apartment project on the site of a historic district.
As it turns out, Lima was an investor in the project that Calero turned down. He resigned after his role in the project came to light.
Despite his lack of popularity and the corruption charges hanging over his head, Temer was able to get the Chamber of Deputies to pass his changes to the labor law.
The bill now goes to the Senate.
CUT leaders say that the success of the general strike should give pause to lawmakers before they proceed with supporting Temer’s austerity measures.
“Deputies and senators must listen to the voice of the people,” said Nobre. “The strength of the strike is a sign of popular support for the unions and discontent with (Temer’s) labor and welfare changes.”
Vagner Freitas, president of CUT, said that more actions are possible if the government refuses to listen to the people.
“If (the strike on the 28th) is not enough, we can repeat another general strike, bigger, maybe 48 hours,” said Freitas. “We can occupy Brasília, go to the National Congress. . . if they if they do not stop voting against labor and social security.”