Los Angeles raises minimum wage to $15 an hour

Los Angeles, the second largest city in the US, on May 19 passed a city ordinance that raises the minimum wage in the city to $15 an hour.

The wage increase, which will be phased in over a five-year period, will affect more than 500,000 workers by 2017.

The City Council vote to raise the minimum wage to $15 an hour was the result of a grassroots organizing effort by labor, community, and religious groups.

The Raise the Wage Coalition organized volunteers to canvass neighborhoods, make phone calls, hold in-home meetings, and participate in rallies to support the increased minimum wage.

Earlier this month, the coalition hand delivered to the City Council more than 100,000 pledge cards signed by workers supporting the minimum wage increase.

The coalition had originally sought to increase the minimum wage to $15.25 and to require employers to provide employees with paid sick days, but the new ordinance does not include paid sick days.

Nevertheless, leaders of the coalition were proud of the success of the movement for a higher minimum wage.

“We applaud this pivotal vote that raises the wage minimum wage to $15 an hour and enforces it,” said Laphonza Butler, a co-convener of Raise the Wage and president of SEIU California. “We believe that earned sick days are an important part of any comprehensive policy and are confident that after review, Los Angeles will join cities across the country and guarantee workers much-needed sick days.”

The May 19 vote formalizes the intent of the City Council to raise the minimum wage; the city’s general counsel will now draft the ordinance that implements the raise, which the City Council must approve before the increase becomes effective.

“We are one step closer to making history in Los Angeles by adopting a comprehensive minimum wage policy that will change the lives of hundreds of thousands of hard-working Angelenos, said Rusty Hicks, the other co-convener and secretary treasurer of the Los Angeles County Federation of Labor. “The City Council’s action today creates a path for workers to succeed and gives our economy the boost it needs to grow.”

The ordinance approved by the City Council phases in the minimum wage increase. In July 2016 the city minimum wage increases from $9 an hour to $10.50 an hour.

From then until 2020, the minimum wage increases every year until it reaches $15 an hour. After 2020, the minimum wage increases as the cost of living increases.

Most employers are covered by this schedule, but businesses employing 25 or fewer workers will have an extra year to comply.

A study of the impact of raising the minimum wage commissioned by Los Angeles Mayor Eric Garcetti estimates that about 567,000 workers – or 37 percent of workers covered by the policy – will receive a pay raise by 2017 increasing aggregate earnings by $1.8 billion.

Business groups opposing the wage increase warned that an increased minimum wage would result in fewer jobs for low-wage workers.

But the study said that extensive research shows that increasing the minimum wage increases the buying power of low-wage workers, stimulating the local economy and creating more jobs.

A higher minimum wage will also reduce turnover and increase productivity, which should help to hold down price increases that may result after wages increase.

There is concern that some low-wage businesses may relocate to suburbs of Los Angeles to avoid paying a living wage, which is why the Raise the Wage campaign is being expanded beyond the boundaries of city of Los Angeles.

The coalition is already asking the Los Angeles County Commissioners to consider an ordinance that will raise the minimum wage in unincorporated areas of the county to $15 an hour.

It also is organizing campaigns to raise the minimum wage in nearby suburbs such as Santa Monica, West Hollywood, and Pasadena.

Anggie Godoy, a McDonald’s worker and activist in the Raise the Wage campaign told the Guardian that she plans to help in the campaign to extend the minimum increase beyond the boundaries of the city of Los Angeles.

“Just like they were here for me, I’ll be there for them,” said Godoy to the Guardian.

OSHA: DuPont deadly gas leak was preventable

The US Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) has cited DuPont for eleven safety violations that caused or contributed to the deaths of four workers in November at the company’s chemical plant in La Porte, Texas.

In a media release about the results of its investigation into the cause of the workers’ death, OSHA said that the deaths could have been and should have been prevented.

“”Four people lost their lives and their families lost loved ones because DuPont did not have proper safety procedures in place,” said Assistant Secretary of Labor for Occupational Safety and Health Dr. David Michaels. “Had the company assessed the dangers involved, or trained their employees on what to do if the ventilation system stopped working, they might have had a chance.”

DuPont has been fined $99,000 for its negligence.

The workers were killed by a deadly vapor of methyl mercaptan that escaped after it had leaked from its storage vessel into pipes. It was then unknowingly released into a venting system as workers were performing maintenance.

Among other things, OSHA cited DuPont for not correcting equipment deficiencies, failing to train employees about respiratory hazards such as methyl mercaptan, failing to train workers in the proper method for responding to a chemical leak, and failing to require the use of respiratory equipment that could have saved the workers’ lives.

Methyl mercaptan is a deadly chemical used in the manufacture of pesticides. It can paralyze the respiratory system which then leads to death.

Three of the workers were killed while trying to rescue the first worker overcome by methyl mercaptan.

An earlier investigation of the deadly vapor release in La Porte  by the US Chemical Safety Board (CSB) found a number of safety problems at the DuPont plant.

“The release (of methyl mercaptan) occurred through a valve that was opened as part of a routine effort to drain liquid from the vent system in order to relieve pressure inside,” said former CSB Chairman Rafael Moure Eraso while testifying before a congressional committee in February. “We found that this vent system had a history of periodic issues with unwanted liquid build-up, and the valve in question was typically drained directly into the work area inside the building, rather than into a closed system.

“In addition, our investigators have found that the building’s ventilation fans were not in service, and that the company did not effectively implement good safety practices requiring personnel to wear appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE) that was present at the facility.”

Moure Eraso also cited the lack of safety culture at Du Pont and gave two examples:

One occurred in January 2010 when a faulty hose at a DuPont plant in Belle, West Virginia caused phosgene gas to leak killing one worker. The other happened later in 2010 at the DuPont plant in Buffalo, New York when a welding spark ignited leaking gas and caused an explosion that sent hot metal shards flying through the plant. Fortunately, no one was killed.

The charge that a safety culture is lacking at DuPont may seem out of place to some because DuPont management spends a lot of time conducting safety meetings and stressing the importance of avoiding injuries that could lead to lost work time.

But Safety/News Alert reports that DuPont’s safety efforts seem to be aimed primarily at avoiding personal injuries rather than focusing on process safety issues, which can be more difficult and more expensive to address.

The Houston Chronicle reports that DuPont’s inattention to safety standards has come at the same time that DuPont is paying more attention to cutting costs.

According to the Chronicle, “the deaths in La Porte brought the total to eight fatalities at DuPont sites in the last seven years. And it all happened as the company undertook an aggressive campaign to reinvent itself, by boosting productivity, selling off assets and slashing costs.”

Postal workers fight for contract that improves customer service

During a May 14 Day of Action by the American Postal Workers Union (APWU), the union and a broad coalition of supporters called for a new collective bargaining agreement that improves customer service.

The current collective bargaining agreement expires on May 20, and the union and the US Postal Service (USPS) have been bargaining since February for a new agreement.

APWU has put forward a number of contract proposals to improve customer service, including halting post office closures, expanding post office operating hours, bringing back overnight delivery of first class mail, and expanding services available at post office.

“What we are fighting for . .  .  is good postal service, living-wage jobs, and a good contract, now!” said APWU President Mark Dimondstein at a Day of Action rally in Washington DC. “The American Postal Workers Union and all of you are fighting for the people of this country, for a vibrant public Postal Service for generations to come. That’s what the people deserve and that’s what the people should have.”

The Washington DC rally was one of 130 Day of Action events in 42 states, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands.

Postal workers were joined by supporters from a number of community and labor organization who are standing with postal workers in their fight to protect and improve postal services.

“We are sending a clear signal that we are fighting a struggle and we plan to win that struggle,” said the actor Danny Glover at the Washington DC rally. “We are not just supporting postal workers. We have the chance not only to save the post office, but to change the nature of how we deal with the public.”

Glover also talked about one of the union’s contract proposal–postal banking.

The union is proposing that USPS provide basic banking services such as check cashing, bill paying, and small loan lending at post offices.

Banks have largely abandoned communities with high concentrations of low-wage workers.

Banks in these communities have been replaced by payday lenders, which charge high interest rates, and check cashing companies, which charge fees.

Postal banking would provide a banking alternative in these under served communities.

The union’s fight to expand services and protect the ones that many of us take for granted comes at a time when the Postal Service is under attack.

According to its critics, the US Postal System is in a state of crisis that demands cuts in services rather than their expansion.

But this so-called crisis is one that has been manufactured by those who want to dismantle the Postal System and privatize its most lucrative services.

It began in 2006 when Congress passed a law that required USPS to pre-fund its retiree health care benefit for the next 75 years with billions of dollars of payments over a ten-year period.

Pre-funding retiree health care, a practice that no other private company or government entity does, has siphoned away an average of $5.6 billion a year away from postal services.

Without this unique and unprecedented pre-payment requirement, USPS would have generated a $1.1 billion surplus in the first quarter of fiscal year 2015. For fiscal year 2014, the surplus would have been $1.4 billion and for fiscal year 2013, it would have been $600 million.

But instead of surpluses, pre-funding has burdened USPS with deficits, which have led to cuts in services.

In January USPS implemented a new round of cuts that among other things virtually eliminated overnight delivery of first class mail.

Previous cuts caused the closure of 140 mail processing centers and under staffing, both of which have slowed mail delivery.

Eighty-two more mail processing centers are scheduled for future closings.

Critics say that the internet has made the Postal Service irrelevant and that most of the work it does can be done better by private companies.

But USPS, which provides service to every community regardless of whether it is profitable to do so, remains an important catalyst for commerce and communication.

In 2014, USPS delivered 155 billion pieces of mail. In January 2015, letter volume increased by 7 percent and package delivery increased by 14 percent over January 2014.

USPS provides these services efficiently and effectively. A test conducted by Consumer Report in 2014 found that USPS outscored Fed Ex and UPS, its privately-owned competitors, in convenience and reliability.

USPS also was less expensive than its competitors 92 percent of the time in next-day and second-day deliveries.

The importance of the Postal Service to the everyday life of the American people is one of the reasons that people like Danny Glover are joining the Grand Alliance to Save Our Public Postal Service.

“We have a Grand Alliance that is saving this national treasure that belongs to us,” said Glover referring to the Postal System. “We will make sure that it remains in our domain.”

Glover urged people to show their support for postal workers and the public Postal Service by signing and sending a postcard of support to the Postmaster General.

SYRIZA keeps anti-austerity promise by rehiring civil servants

The Greek Parliament on May 6 voted to reinstate nearly 4,000 civil servants laid off two years ago as part of the austerity measures imposed on Greece by the nation’s creditors.

SYRIZA, the leftist party that won the Greek elections in January on an anti-austerity platform and now leads the government, promised after it was elected that it would rehire those civil servants who had been laid off in violation of the country’s constitution.

Those who will be rehired include municipal police officers, public school janitors, as well as other civil servants.

The new law also reestablishes the country’s public broadcasting network and calls for the rehiring of its employees who were laid off.

Among those who will be returning to work are 32 women custodial workers who until two years worked for the Ministry of Finance.

After being laid off, the women, who became known as “the cleaning ladies,” set up a protest camp near the Ministry’s offices and vowed to maintain the camp until they were rehired.

The SYRIZA-led government said that more re-hirings and other anti-austerity measures will follow.

“This is not our last word, it’s the first step of (administrative) reforms we’re going to make that won’t be neoliberal but will have a social aspect,” said Giorgos Katrougalos, the deputy minister for administrative reform to the Financial Times.

After learning that their jobs would be restored, the cleaning ladies held a celebration at their protest camp.

“I’m very, very happy (to get) my job back,” said Irene Chantzi to the BBC at the protest camp after learning the news.

Chantzi and the other cleaning ladies were joined by some cabinet members who belong to SYRIZA, including Katrougalos, Nadia Valavani, deputy finance minister, and Nikos Voutsis, interior minister.

The cleaning ladies’ protest camp became a symbol of Greek outrage at the austerity programs imposed on the country.

Last December the cleaning ladies gained wider fame when they traveled to Strasbourg, France and confronted the European Commission about the hardships that they and their fellow countrymen had endured as part of the austerity regime demanded by banks and other Greek creditors.

Greek President Alex Tsipras congratulated the cleaning ladies on their victory and said that they had played an important role in making Europe aware of the hardships caused by the austerity measures.

“Even the Chancellor (Germany’s Chancellor Angela Merkel), in a meeting that we had and without me bringing it up, referred to how unfair what the previous government did to you was,” said Tsipras to the group. “Your fight was known abroad because it was a fair fight.”

The current Minister of Finance, Yanis Varoufakis also expressed support for the cleaning ladies and said that when the SYRIZA-led government speaks of reform it means change that will help people like the cleaning ladies not change that satisfies the desires of capital.

“We remind (creditors) that our government has a different perception of what constitutes a reform,” Mr Varoufakis said.to the Wall Street Journal.

Greece has been in negotiations with other European countries to reach an agreement on changes that Greece must make in order to receive €7.2 billion in loans that Greece needs to stabilize its economy, which crashed in 2010 when creditors demanded that their loans be repaid immediately.

The troika is demanding changes to the economy that will weaken unions, privatize more government services and resources, reduce pensions, and give the demands of creditors priority over the needs of the people.

Greece in return is demanding that it be allowed to carry out its anti-austerity proposals that were emphatically endorsed by the Greek public when in January it elected SYRIZA to lead the country.

Varoufakis and Tsipras have expressed confidence that the two sides can find some common ground that will make it possible for Greece to receive the €7.2 billion.

On May 12, Greece made a €750 million loan repayment to its creditors that the government sees as a good faith gesture that will help it secure the money it needs.

On May 11, Varoufakis met in Brussels with other European finance ministers in hopes of sealing a deal.

No agreement was reached, but Varoufakis said that some progress was made thanks to efforts by the Greek government.

“In recent weeks there has been considerable convergence, primarily due to our government’s great efforts and major concessions during the Brussels Group negotiations,” said Varoufakis at a media briefing. “Today’s Eurogroup meeting has acknowledged the strides we have made, and was conducted in a thoroughly positive atmosphere.”

Round one victory for coalition opposing fast track for TPP

A grassroots coalition of labor, environment, consumer rights, and other progressive groups won round one of the fight over fast track authority for the Trans Pacific Partnership (TPP) trade deal when a cloture motion that would have limited debate on the Hatch-Wyden-Ryan Fast Track bill failed to pass in the US Senate.

Fast track authority would prevent Congress from thoroughly reviewing the final draft of the trade deal or offering amendments to it.

Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell had scheduled the cloture vote on May 12. It needed 60 votes to pass, but Sen. McConnell could muster only 52 votes. Forty-five senators voted to oppose his motion.

President Obama, who supports fast track authority, began meeting with senators who voted no in an attempt to salvage the legislation, and there is still the possibility that fast track in some form could be resurrected and brought before the Senate again for a vote.

But opponents of TPP, who had been written off by Washington DC pundits, were buoyed by the outcome of the vote.

“Just a few weeks ago, all of the pundits believed that fast track and the TPP were a lock to pass: they were wrong,” said Marc Perrone, international president of United Food and Commercial Workers (UFCW). “Our 1.3 million members, the entire labor movement, progressive Democrats, and conservative Republicans have all stood up and spoke out against this disastrous trade deal. More importantly, this is what is possible when we all stand together and fight for what is right for our families, our jobs, and our nation.”

“The failure of the Senate to advance fast track legislation is not only a stinging defeat for supporters of the Trans Pacific Partnership; it makes clear that the American people will not be fooled into supporting another bad trade deal,” said Leo Gerard, president of the United Steelworkers (USW).

Labor unions played an important role in organizing grassroots opposition to fast track authority for TPP by educating their members about how similar trade deals had cost workers’ jobs and lowered their wages and by mobilizing members to demonstrate widespread opposition to TPP.

The work of the Communication Workers of America (CWA) is illustrative of the organizing and mobilizing work done by UCFW, USW, Teamsters, and several other labor unions that made the May 12 vote possible.

In November, CWA President Larry Cohen announced that defeating fast track authority for TPP would be CWA’s number one priority.

“Starting today (the day after the November elections ended), CWA activists are turning their attention to stopping the Trans Pacific Partnership, a dangerous trade deal that threatens our jobs, communities and the environment. It could potentially give big business new powers to undermine important laws and regulations created to protect us from them,” said Cohen in a message to members.

CWA subsequently mobilized its local leaders to educate and mobilize local members.

As a result, thousands of CWA members participated in efforts to oppose TPP fast track including attending town hall meetings with lawmakers, making constituent visits to lawmakers, making phone calls to lawmakers, and writing them letters and e-mails.

To make the public aware of the dangers that TPP posed for the working class, the environment, and consumer protection, CWA members hit the streets to leaflet, demonstrate, and rally against fast track for TPP.

Recognizing that labor unions alone couldn’t win the fight to stop TPP, CWA sought out alliances with environmentalists, consumer rights activists, immigrant support groups, and other progressive groups concerned about the damage that TPP could in their particular area of interest.

“Our broad coalition–workers, environmental activists, immigrant rights activists, students, public health and consumer groups and so many others–remains strongly opposed to fast track and the TPP that would be a disaster for US jobs, workers and communities,” said Cohen in a statement issued after the cloture motion failed.

The coalition opposing TPP was even broader than the one that Cohen talked about.

More than 2,000 groups signed an April 27 letter drafted by the Citizens Trade Campaign, a public interest group that has been leading the fight against TPP, urging lawmakers to reject fast track authority for TPP.

The letter concluded with these two paragraphs:

After decades of massive trade deficits, devastating job loss, downward pressure on Americans’ wages, attacks on environmental and health laws and floods of unsafe imported food under our past trade agreements, America must chart a new course on trade policy. To accomplish this, a new form of trade authority is needed that ensures that Congress and the public play a much more meaningful role in determining the contents of U.S. trade agreements.

Fast track is an abrogation of not only Congress’ constitutional authority, but of its responsibility to the American people. We oppose this bill, and urge you to do so as well.

Workers to shareholders: Sherwin Alumina lockout is bad for business

Locked out union members at the Sherwin Alumina refinery near Corpus Christi, Texas traveled to Switzerland to tell shareholders of the company that owns Sherwin that the seven-month lockout is hurting the company’s bottom line and that action needs to be taken to end the lockout.

The locked out workers, who belong to United Steelworkers Local 235A, were part of an international labor delegation, who were on hand when Glencore, Sherwin’s owner, held its annual stockholders meeting in Zug, Switzerland on May 7.

The labor delegation, consisting of union members from, Australia, Colombia, South Africa, and the US, passed out flyers to shareholders entering the meeting.

Locked out Sherwin Alumina workers also went into the auditorium where the meeting was being held to explain the impact that the lockout was having on Glencore, an international mining, manufacturing, and trading corporations that ranks tenth among the Fortune 500’s largest global corporations.

“The loss of production (at Sherwin caused by the lockout) has cost the company over $40 million in lost revenue,” said Rey Herrera, vice president of Local 235A, to the shareholders.

The action in Switzerland on behalf of the locked out Sherwin Alumina workers was part of a campaign to make shareholders aware of abuses committed by Glencore and the company’s like Sherwin Alumina that Glencore owns.

According to a media release by IndustriAll, an international labor federation that organized the shareholder demonstration in Switzerland, “Trade union issues dominated the meeting, and it was impossible for (Glencore) to continue sweeping them under the carpet. Some shareholders, unaware of the violations. left the meeting outraged.”

“Even the CEO (of Glencore) considered that there are legitimate issues being raised and committed to go back and talk to people on the ground. One way or another these issue have to be resolved,” said Glen Mpufane, IndustriALL director of mining.

In addition to the ill-conceived Sherwin lockout, Glencore and its subsidiaries were accused of destroying the environment of indigenous people in Colombia and brutalizing union members at its Colombian coal mines; replacing union coal miners with low-wage temporary workers in Australia; and eliminating more than 1,500 jobs at a South African coal mine after promising in 2013 when Glencore bought the mine that it would not lay off workers.

“Glencore claims to respect communities, collective bargaining, and the right of employees to freely choose a union, but IndustriAll has testimonies from affiliates, in over 14 countries of the consistent brutality and disrespect of workers rights throughout it’s operations,” said Mpufane.

Glencore’s lack of respect for collective bargaining looms large in the Sherwin Alumina lockout.

Sherwin, which refines bauxite into alumina, the main ingredient in the production of aluminum, was a profitable company in 2014 when its collective bargaining agreement with Local 235A came up for renewal.

Despite its profitability, Sherwin pressed hard for concessions including a change to overtime rules that would result in a big pay cut, much higher health care costs for workers, a pension freeze, and the elimination of promised health care benefits for retirees.

Union members rejected these concessions but agreed to continue bargaining in order to resolve the outstanding issues.

Sherwin management, however, called off the negotiations and ordered a lockout.

Seven months into the lockout, union members have said that they are willing to return to the bargaining table, but Sherwin continues to shun the collective bargaining process.

“Over the past seven months, we have repeatedly offered to return to work while we continue to bargain a new contract that is fair to both the company and its workers,” said Herrera.”We have always been ready, willing and able to continue to work. The company has refused these offers and continues to keep us out of work.”

After meeting with Glencore officials in Switzerland, Herrera said that there were some hopeful signs, but he also expressed skepticism about the company’s intentions.

“They claimed they would make an effort to talk to us, but what they say and what they do are two different things,” said Herrera.

One Baltimore United proposes plan to heal the wounds caused by the death of Freddy Gray

A coalition of community, faith, and labor groups in Baltimore has proposed an economic recovery plan that the coalition says is designed “to heal Baltimore in wake of riots and protest triggered by the death of Freddy Gray.”

At a media conference held on May 4, speakers from One Baltimore United said that Baltimore’s economic recovery from years of decline has bypassed many of the city’s residence, who still live in or near poverty.

They said that the riots following Gray’s death were the result of built up rage stemming from the lack of good paying jobs, decent housing, and the lack of respect for black lives.

Gray, a young black man, died under suspicious circumstances while in police custody, and the police would not explain how he died.

“Martin Luther King said a riot ‘is the language of the unheard’. He said America had failed to hear the economic plight of black America,” said Ty Hullinger, president of Interfaith Workers Justice of Maryland, one of the groups belonging to One Baltimore United.  “If we want to see change, we need city and state leaders to make a real commitment to creating more good jobs and working with community partners to make change that benefits us all.”

One Baltimore United used the media conference to put forward a four point plan for addressing the problems that caused the riot.

  1. Justice for Freddy Gray, Anthony Anderson, and all victims of police brutality
  2. Development projects that receive public subsidies and tax breaks should be required to pay a living wage with benefits and hire locally
  3. Affordable housing should become a city priority and residents should be involved in its planning
  4. Social services and public education should be fully funded

At one time, Baltimore was a thriving manufacturing and shipping center. Like other cities in the US, its black residents faced discrimination because of racism, but at least there were decent paying union jobs available that helped many escape poverty.

But those jobs melted away as corporations in search of lower labor costs and higher profits moved to places where labor was cheaper.

When those good paying jobs dried up, Baltimore went into decline.

In an attempt to reverse the decline city leaders, began offering tax breaks and subsidies to lure business back to Baltimore.

And it worked–at least, for some.

Baltimore is no longer a poor city. Last year, it added $1.3 billion in property wealth as the result of development projects.

However, the benefits of the city’s resurgence did not trickle down.

More than 24 percent of the city’s residents continue to live below the federal poverty line.

The city’s unemployment rate is 8.8 percent, well above the national rate of 5.5 percent.

For black youth ages 20 to 24, the unemployment rate is a staggering 37 percent.

The good paying jobs available in old Baltimore have failed to return to the new Baltimore, but the new development strategy has been a boon to corporations like the owners of the Marriott hotels.

According to the Baltimore Sun, the city of Baltimore agreed to a deal that allows the owners of the luxury Marriott East Harbor Waterfront hotel to pay property taxes of $1 a year for the next 25 years.

In another deal, the owners of the luxury Zenith apartments received a tax abatement for 15 years that allows them to pay just 15 percent of the property taxes that they would owe without the abatement.

These deals have had a perverse impact on the funding of local schools.

The increased property wealth should have resulted in more funding for public schools; instead, it may result in a cut in state funding for education.

The state funding formula for local school districts is based on property wealth. School districts with a lot of property wealth receive less state funding, presumably because the higher property wealth should translate into more local revenue for education.

Because of Baltimore’s increased property wealth, the state has proposed reducing its funding for Baltimore schools by $35 million.

The city, however, doesn’t have the money to offset impending state cuts because it has been so generous with tax cuts and other subsidies for corporations.

For One Baltimore United, which describes itself as, “a coalition of community, faith and labor partners standing together (to)demand that city leadership put Baltimore families first,” the city’s current development plan can’t possibly create the kind of shared wealth that could heal Baltimore’s wounds.

“We must resolve this crisis with reconciliation, with a new and greater commitment to secure economic justice for all of Baltimore,” said Michael Coleman, a leader of United Workers, another member of One Baltimore United. “There will be reaction and backlash when what is needed is for all of us to take a step towards each other and come to terms with the crisis of inequality that has brought our city to this moment.”